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2021 Waec Geography Theory Question And Answers For all Candidates

2021 Waec Geography question and answers
2021 Waec Geography question and answers
Written by Nkedugist

2021 Waec Geography question and answers: Most likely Weac geography answer 2021 to Objectives Essay question is available here. Candidates that applied for the West African Examination Council (WAEC) SSCE Examination will write their Waec geography paper on Thursday 30th September 2021.

In this post, we will be posting samples of the Waec geography questions for candidates that will participate in the examination.

Note that below is the questions from Waec geography past questions and answers that we feel are likely questions for preparation.

2021 Waec geography question and answers: Most likely Weac geography answer 2021 to Objectives Essay question is available here. Candidates that applied for the West African Examination Council (WAEC) SSCE Examination will write their Waec geography paper on Thursday 30th September 2021.

The Weac Geography question and answer 2021 for preparation towards Waec geography exam Geography – Essay OBJ, which will commence from 9:30 am and end by 12:30 am while Geography (Practical and Physical) Objective will start from 2:00 pm and end by 3:50 pm.

In this post, we will be posting samples of the Waec geography questions for candidates that will participate in the examination.

Note that below is the questions from Waec geography past questions and answers that we feel are likely questions for preparation.

2021 Waec Geography Question and Answers ( Most likely Questions to Expect)

Question 1

(a) List four modes of transportation.

(b) Identify four constraints to inland water navigation.

(c) In what four ways can the constraint identified in 2(a) above be solved?

The question was popular among the candidates and their performance was just fair. They scored high marks in the (a) component of the question but performed poorly in the (b) and (c) components of the question because many of them did not understand the word “ constraints”, the constraints to inland water navigation that should have been listed included:

–    silting of river mouths
–    problems of piracy
–    presence of rapids, cataracts, waterfalls/dams
–    fluctuations in the volumes of rivers
–    presence of water weeds e.g. water hyacinth
–    competition with other modes of transport
–    slow speed
–    freezing of rivers and lakes
–    narrow gorges
–    shallow nature of most river valleys
–    non-flexibility
–    presence of dangerous aquatic animals
–    adverse weather conditions
–    limited capital
–    short courses of rivers
–    rivers flowing through areas of limited commercial activities
–    poor maintenance culture
–    low patronage
–    hazards of tree stumps
–    poor navigational aids
–    poor management

The solutions to the constraints are:
–    dredging to increase the depth of rivers
–    traffic control on rivers to check piracy
–    channelization to avoid rapids and waterfalls
–    removal of water weeds with herbicides/machines
–    improving the technology of speed boat engines to increase speed
–    dredging of more canals for accessibility
–    policing waterways
–    use of dams and reservoirs to control water levels
–    introduction of comfortable boats
–    use of ice breakers
–    involvement of conservation to control dangerous animals
–    provision of adequate capital
–    construction of canals
–    development of the hinterland
–    cultivation of good maintenance culture
–    enlightenment on the use of inland waterways
–    removal of tree stumps
–    provision of modern navigational aids
–    improved management

Question 2

(a) Outline two characteristic features of each of the following:

(i) conurbation;

(ii) megapolis.

(b) With specific examples, explain any six functions which settlements perform.

The question was not popular among the candidates. They performed poorly in the (a) component of the question and did well in the (b) part of the question.
The expected answer for the (a) component of the question included:
Characteristic features of Conurbation are:
–   it is an urban settlement
–   two or more large cities/towns merge to form Conurbation
–   the big cities are merged together by rapid population growth and physical
expansion but with different identities

–   the cities retain their distinct identities
–   the big cities are linked by an efficient transportation system/network
–   the big cities form one large market for industries, trade, and transport
–   it is a continuously built-up area
–   has a high population density
–   Its population is much greater than that of the nearby towns
–   it has various industries operating in it
–   It relies on the reserves of labor, excellent transport, Medicare, etc.
–   conurbation serves as a shopping centre due to the cheap and excellent transport facilities
–   it has a unique financial strength
–   Examples: Lagos, Accra, Ruhr Valley, Serreaunda, Monrovia, Tokyo, etc

Characteristic features of Megapolis are:
–   it is also called a megalopolis/mega-city/supper city
–   the highest category of settlement
–   has large territories consisting of great conurbations
–   it is a highly urbanized region
–   a very large city with a population of more than 10 million inhabitants
–   an urban complex
–   linked with communication/transport networks
–   continuous built-up area
–   Examples: North East USA, New Delhi, Cairo, Lagos, etc

Question 3

a) Draw a sketch map of Nigeria. On the map, show, and name:

(i) Rivers Niger and Benue;

(ii) Kanji Dam;

(iii) Abuja.

(b) Explain three factors that favor the development of hydroelectric power projects in Nigeria.

(c) State three economic benefits of hydroelectric power projects.

This question was popular among the candidates. However, they did not perform well in the (a) component of the question that involved map work. They performed better in the (c) component of the question. A few candidates performed poorly in the (b) component of the question.

Expected answers for factors that favor the development of hydro-electric power projects in Nigeria are:
–    presence of rapids and waterfalls/steep gradient
–    abundance of rainfall
–    high volume of water in rivers
–    adequate high temperature against freezing
–    high demand/ market for electricity
–    strong bedrock for dam sites
–    availability of capital
–    availability of skilled and unskilled labor

The Economic Benefits of the hydro-electric power projects are:
–    promotion of irrigation
–    generation of electricity for industrial use
–    generation of electricity for domestic use
– a water supply for industrial use
–    water for domestic use
–    tourist attraction
–    revenue generation
–    flood control
–    income to workers
–    promotion of aquatic research
–    improved inland navigation
–    development and growth of new towns
–    provision of food
–    stimulates industrial development
–    employment
–    training of local technicians

NOTE THAT:

All the questions drop down are not exactly 2021 WAEC Geography questions and answers but likely WAEC Geography repeated questions and answers, so if you can practice the questions it can also be of help.

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Nkedugist

I created Nkedugist.com.ng to serve and assist all Aspirants who are seeking school information or want to apply for admission into Nigerian Tertiary Institutions such as Universities, Polytechnics or Colleges of Education with information regarding the various education system.

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