fbpx
EXAM NEWS WAEC NEWS

WAEC Animal Husbandry Questions 2, 4, 5, 1, and 7 And Answers For 2022

2022 Waec Animal Husbandry
2022 Waec Animal Husbandry
Written by Nkedugist

2022 Waec Animal Husbandry Questions: The West Africa Examinations Council (WAEC) is an examination body in Nigeria that conducts the Senior Secondary Certificate Examination and the General Certificate in Education in May/June respectively.

Are you a candidate who is in search of 2022 Waec Animal Husbandry Questions? If so you are at the right place because Nkedugists Team is here to guide you on How the 2022 WAEC Animal husbandry Questions are been set.

Nkedugists understand how students feel whenever it comes to closing time for an external exam such as Waec, Neco, Jamb, and Post Utme, that is why we make sure any question we are releasing/publishing is always the best.

Any questions and answers that will upload here are always important on your exam day because we always follow scholars and examiners. Below are what we taught about before publishing it, which are;

  • WAEC GCE Animal Husbandry Questions
  • WAEC Animal Husbandry Questions
  • 2022/2023 WAECAnimal Husbandry Questions
  • WAEC Animal Husbandry Questions
  • GCE Animal Husbandry Questions
  • WAEC Animal Husbandry Questions
  • Animal Husbandry Questions
  • 2022 WAEC Animal Husbandry Questions
  • WAEC Animal Husbandry Questions 2022

WAEC Animal Husbandry Questions Scheme of Work/Examination

There will be three papers, Papers 1, 2, and 3, all of which must be taken. Papers 1 and 2 will be composite papers to be taken in one sitting. We recommend that you use the Neco scheme below for maximum preparation.

WAEC ANIMAL HUSBANDRY QUESTIONS FOR ALL WAEC CANDIDATES – RELEASED

Candidates were unable to:

The candidates were able to:

  • give the reasons why farm animals are kept;
  • classify cattle, goat, rabbit, horse, donkey, pig, snail, and honey bee into ruminants and non-ruminants;
  • state the factors to be considered when formulating a diet for farm animals;
  • state the disadvantages of an extensive system of keeping poultry;
  • mention the advantages of the battery cage system for keeping layers;
  • name the types of pasture;
  • state the advantages and disadvantages of introduction as a method of animal improvement;
  • explain the terms inbreeding and line-breeding in animal improvement;
  • give the names of mature female sheep, pig,s and rabbits;
  • define the term parasite as used in livestock production;
  • mention the signs that could be noticed in a sick goat;
  • name the animals that can be affected by anthrax disease;
  • give the symptoms of anthrax disease;
  • state the advantages of castrating farm animals; and
  • state the sources and the functions of carbohydrates in farm animal diet.

WAEC Animal Husbandry Question 2 For 2022

(a)       State seven characteristics of West African goats.                        [7 marks]

(b)       Discuss the management of goats under the following headings:
(i)  breeding;
(ii) care of kids;
(iii) identification;
(iv) castration.                                                                       [13 marks]

Animal Husbandry Question 2 Answers and Observation For 2022

This question was fairly attempted by the candidates.  In 2(a), most of the candidates were able to state the characteristics of West African goats.  However, in 2(b), most of the candidates were unable to discuss the management of goats under breeding, care of kids, identification, and castration.

The expected answers include:

2  (b)   Management of goats

(i)         Breeding
–           Goats should be bred when they are at least 8-9 months old for the male and 12-15 months for the female/attainment of puberty
–           Unwanted males should be castrated or disposed of while good
males are retained
–           Males should be separated from females at the weaning stage where
possible
–           Female should be flushed before mating
–           One buck can mate eighteen to twenty five does
–           Signs of heat should be identified/observed

(ii)        Care of kids
            –        Clean the mucous membrane when the kid is born
–        Dip navel of the kid in Iodine solution
–        Provide warmth when necessary
            –        Ensure that kids suckle or are provided with colostrum
–           Provide foster mother or milk substitute if necessary
–           Introduce kids to solid feed/weaning at six to eight weeks
–           Provide creep feed
–           Provide salt lick
–           Maintain proper sanitation
–           Undertake routine medication/vaccination
–           Isolate sick animals
–           Castrate kids not required for breeding
–          Isolate dam and kid from the herd to avoid trampling
–           Separate kids from dams during grazing periods

(iii)       Identification

–           Determine the appropriate identification method e.g. ear notching,
ear tagging, neck chaining, collar paint, branding, body/hair cutting
–          Ensure proper record of animals for breeding, culling, selection,
medication purposes
–          Inspect the animals regularly to ensure that their identification
marks are intact
–          Replace lost identities/re-embossed faded marks
–          Prompt treatment of injuries that may arise during and after
identification process

(iv)       Castration

–           Male kids not required for breeding should be castrated
–           Castration should be done before four months old
–           Determine the type of castration to be carried out e.g. close castration,
using the burdizzo or elastrator or open castration, using sterilized sharp knife
or blade or scarpel
–           Castration is done to remove the characteristic odour
–           Isolate castrated goats from the herd for close monitoring
–          During the healing process ensure regular cleaning of the wound
with appropriate antiseptics
–          Administer prescribed drugs to goat after castration
–          Ensure that animal is kept on high plane of nutrition during the
period of castration
–          Supply clean water regularly
–          Ensure proper sanitation in pens where castrated goats are kept
–          Close monitoring of the animal to determine the effectiveness of
the castration

WAEC Animal Husbandry Question 4 For 2022

(a)   Define the term Animal husbandry.                                           [2 marks]

(b)   State four ways in which farm animals are important to humans.  [4 marks]

(c)    Explain each of the following terms as used in animal production:

– ovulation;
– oestrus.                                                                                 [4 marks]

(a) List five signs that indicate that a ewe is approaching parturition.  [5 marks]

(b) A ewe was serviced on May 1, 2014. Determine the expected date of lambing of the ewe.   [5 marks]

Animal Husbandry Question 4 Answers and Observation For 2022

This question was well attempted by the candidates.  In 4(a-b), most of the candidates were able to define the term animal husbandry as well as state the ways in which farm animals are important to humans.

Also, in 4(c)(i-ii), most of the candidates were able to explain the terms ovulation and oestrus. More so, in 4(d), majority of the candidates were able to list the signs that indicate that a ewe is approaching parturition. However, most of them were unable to determine the expected date of lambing of the ewe as required in 4(e).

The expected answers include:

(4) (e)  Determination of expected date of lambing of the ewe

Gestation period for ewe = 140 – 150 days

Duration of gestation
May = 31 days
June = 30 days
July = 31 days
August = 31 days
September= 17 – 27 days
Lambing date = September 22+5 days

WAEC Animal Husbandry Question 5 For 2022

(a)     List four classes of animal feed.                                                     [4 marks]

(b)     (i)  State three functions of protein in animal diets.

(ii) Name two sources of protein in animal feed.                          [5 marks]

(c)     Explain how each of the following factors affects feed formulation for farm animals:

– age of the animal;
– physiological state of the animal;
– purpose of keeping the animal.

[6 marks]

(d)      State five precautions to be taken to ensure the preparation of good quality feed for layers.          [5 marks]

Animal Husbandry Question 5 Answers and Observation For 2022

This question was fairly attempted by the candidates.  In 5(a-b), the majority of the candidates were able to list the classes of animal feed and state the functions and sources of protein in animal feed.  However, most of them were unable to explain how  age, physiological state and purpose of keeping an animal affect feed formulation for farm animals as required in 5(c)(i-iii).  More so, majority of them could not state the precautions to be taken to ensure the preparation of good quality feed for layers as required in 5(d).

The expected answers include:

5(c)     Explanation of factors that affect feed formulation for farm animals

(i)         Age of animal

–           It determines the nutrient level of feed to be formulated
–           It also determines the size of the particles of the feed
–          It determines the type/form of the feed

(ii)       Physiological state of animal

–           It has to do with the health status of animal i.e. whether it is sick or well
–           Also relates whether the animal is pregnant, dry or lactating, laying, growing
–         Determine the type of feed to be fed to an animal

 

(iii)       Purpose of keeping the animal

Feed formulated depends on the type of product/objective/output expected from the animal e.g. meat, egg, wool, draught/power/work

(d)  Precautions to be taken to ensure the preparation of good quality feed for   
layers

–           Obtain good quality ingredients
–           Ensure correct formulation of feed using appropriate ratio(e.g. energy/protein ratio, minerals, vitamins)
–           Mill to right particle size
–           Ensure thorough mixing of feed
–           Pack in a suitable container
–           Store in an appropriate place
–           Ensure hygienic conditions in the mixing parlor (mill)/hygienic environment

WAEC Animal Husbandry Question 1 Answers For 2022

(a)      Name the five main regions of the vertebral column of a sheep.                                                                                                                                        [5 marks] (b)       State one specialized function of each of the regions of the vertebral
column of a sheep.                                                                          [5 marks]

(c)       Explain each of the following terms as used in Animal husbandry:

(i)           lactation;
(ii)        rumination.                                                                     [6 marks]

(d)     Give four reasons for providing a new-born calf with colostrum. [4 marks]

Animal Husbandry Question 1 Answers and Observation For 2022

This question was fairly attempted by the candidates.  In 1(a-b), majority of the candidates could neither name the main regions of the vertebral column of a sheep nor state the specialized functions of the regions of the vertebral column of a sheep.However, in 1(c)(i – ii), most of the candidates were able to explain the terms lactation and rumination. They were also able to give the reasons for providing a new-born calf with colostrum as required 1(d).
The expected answers include:

1 (a)    Main regions of the vertebral column of a sheep

–           Cervical/neck region
–           Thoracic/chest region
–           Lumbar/abdominal region
–           Sacral/pelvic region
–           Coccygeal/caudal/tail region

(b)       Specialized functions of the regions of the vertebral column of a sheep

Cervical/neck region: Allows head movement in all directions/supports the head

Thoracic/chest region: Site of attachment of the ribs/supports the ribs

Lumbar/abdominal region: Site of attachment of epaxial muscles and muscles for  breathing/supports the abdominal region

Sacral/pelvic region: Site of attachment of hind limbs/pelvic girdle

Coccygeal/caudal/tail region:  Site for insertion of the muscles that move the tail / supports the tail

WAEC Animal Husbandry Question 6  For 2022

  • Define the term animal improvement.[2 marks]
  • State two advantages and two disadvantages of introduction as a method of animal improvement. [4 marks]
  • Explain briefly the following terms as used in animal improvement:
  1. in-breeding;
  2. line breeding;
  3. cross breeding;
  4. out-breeding. (8 marks)

Complete the table below:

Farm animal Name of mature female Gestation period (days)
Sheep (i)    …………………… (ii)   ……………………..
Pig (iii)  …………………… (iv)  ……………………..
Rabbit (v)   …………………… (vi)  ……………………..

 

This question was fairly attempted by the candidates.  In 6(a), most of the candidates were unable to define the term animal improvement but most of them were able to state the advantages and disadvantages of introduction as a method of animal improvement as required in 6(b).

In 6(c)(i-iv), although, most of the candidates were able to explain in-breeding and line-breeding, the majority of them could not explain cross-breeding and outbreeding.  More so, in 6(e), the majority of the candidates were able to complete the table indicating the name of mature female sheep, pigs and rabbits but most of them could not give the gestation periods (days) of sheep, pig, and rabbit.

Animal Husbandry Question 6 Answers and Observation For 2022

The expected answers include:

(6) (a)              Definition of animal improvement

It refers to means/techiques of developing/breeding/producing animals of  better
traits/characters over the existing ones /parents

OR
It is a means/technique of introduction/selection/breeding of animals
with better/outstanding traits/character/genes/allele over the existing ones

(c)        Explanation of the terms

  1. Cross breeding

–   It is the mating of proven quality animals from
different breeds but the same species e.g. Muturu  x White
Fulani.
–    It leads to production of heterosis/hybrid vigour

  1. Out breeding

–    It is the mating of unrelated animals of the same breed
–    It recovers certain traits that may have been lost due to
other breeding methods.
–    New traits are introduced in the offspring/young ones

(d)       Completion of the table

Farm animal Gestation period (days)
Sheep

140-150

Pig

113-115

Rabbit

28-32

 

If you need us to help you with updated questions and answers at the right time about the 2022 Waec Animal Husbandry Questions, kindly subscribe or Join the Nkedugists forum for you to have access to important information… Check it out on How to Join Nkedugists Forums

What’s your take on this? drop your comment box below Nkedugists urge you to use this same opportunity to share this information with others using our Facebook, Twitter, or Google+ share button below.

Facebooktwitterredditpinterestlinkedinmail

About the author

Nkedugist

I created Nkedugist.com.ng to serve and assist all Aspirants who are seeking school information or want to apply for admission into Nigerian Tertiary Institutions such as Universities, Polytechnics or Colleges of Education with information regarding the various education system.

11 Comments

Leave a Comment

You cannot copy content of this page! Contact the Publisher

Skip to toolbar